The Chugai Group expressed its support for the TCFD recommendations in January 2020*1. Chugai has stated in the “TOP I 2030” (FY2021-FY2030) growth strategy that it will “conduct global environment measures” in the “Foundation for Growth” that is one of the five reforms to realize the top innovator image and is strengthening initiatives to address materiality (material issues) identified based on the impact they have on the Chugai Group’s mission, the economy, society and the environment.
TCFD*2 was established as a task force on climate-related financial disclosures by the Financial Stability Board in response to requests from leaders of G20 countries in 2015. Chugai is working to strengthen its platform for sustained growth by strengthening governance on measures to address climate change, implementing scenario analysis based on analysis or risks and opportunities and their financial impact, and responding to climate change risks and opportunities, and engaging in further enhancement of disclosure.
- *2 TCFD
https://www.fsb-tcfd.org/ (English only)
We report below on the status of our efforts to address the TCFD recommendations as of 2020 in accordance with the TCFD’s recommendations for disclosure of governance, strategies, risk management, and indicators and targets related to climate change-related risks and opportunities.
We are currently conducting analyses with the latest information.
Overview of Scenario Analysis
Scenario analysis is a method for predicting how the business environment is changed by the impact of global warming, climate change and long-term policy trends concerning climate change, and considering what impact such changes have on the company’s business and management. *3
- *3 Ministry of Environment Strategy (Scenario Analysis)
The Chugai Group performed scenario analysis in STEP 1 and STEP 2 as shown below. Furthermore, the scenario of future climate change performs analysis using the two RCP scenarios devised by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change): RCP 8.5 (4°C scenario) and RCP 2.6 (2℃ scenario).
Overview of RCP scenarios used*4
|Scenario Name||Climate Change Measures||Average (℃)||“Highly probable” forecast range (℃)|
[STEP 1] Qualitative evaluation of risks and opportunities
- Investigations of various public information and expert hearings
- Identification of physical risks, transition risks and opportunities
- Consideration and organization of risks
(Based on the value chain of pharma industry in general (research, development, procurement, manufacturing. Shipping and sales), risks and opportunities are surveyed in each of the value chain.)
|Physical risks||Transition risks|
[STEP 2] Risk scenario analysis
- Establishment of scope of risk scenario analysis
- Analysis of current and post climate change risk of flood
- Estimation of financial impact
Overview of qualitative evaluation of climate change risks and opportunities
|Policy and legal||
- *5 Pharmaceutical: Risks more relevant to pharma sector. General: Risks common among industries including manufacturing businesses in general.
The Chugai Group’s response to the TCFD recommendations
1. Board supervisory system for climate change risks and opportunities
Chugai Pharmaceutical has introduced an executive officer system to speed up business execution and clarify executive responsibility, separating the decision-making function regarding the most important management matters from the business execution function. The Board of Directors is the body responsible for the former. Executive officers, who are entrusted the authority of business execution from the Board of Directors, are responsible for the latter. Decisions on business execution other than the most important management matters to be decided by the Board of Directors are made in The Executive Committee and others.
The Board of Directors is responsible for the decision-making function regarding the most important management issues, including risks and opportunities related to climate change, and supervises business execution by receiving regular quarterly reports on business execution status, and reports on important decisions made at the Executive Committee.
The Executive Committee makes important decisions regarding company-wide management strategies and business execution related to sustainability, including climate change, and all Executive Committee members are involved in and committed to executive responsibilities. The advisory bodies such as the EHS Promotion Committee (held twice a year) and the Risk Management Committee (held four times a year), both of which are advisory bodies to the Executive Committee, are responsible for formulating strategies for more specific and specialized matters and overseeing their promotion.
Regarding issues related to the promotion of EHS (Environmental Health and Safety), the EHS Promotion Committee fully deliberates on EHS and then submits the issues to the Executive Committee and reports to the Board of Directors. For EHS risk management, the Risk Management Committee identifies risks affecting the entire company, including EHS, and formulates countermeasures, which are then submitted to the Executive Committee for deliberation and reported to the Board of Directors.
2. The role of Management in assessing and managing climate change-related risks and opportunities (as of July 2023)
The CEO is in charge of overall sustainability, including climate change countermeasures, and also chairs the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee. The executive officers in charge, who are member of the Executive Committee and chairman of the EHS Promotion Committee and the Risk Management Committee, both of which are Management Expert Committees, are responsible for the execution of EHS promotion operations and risk management, including climate change countermeasures. Each executive officer in charge supervises the execution of EHS promotion operations and the risk management system based on the decisions made by the Executive Committee.
3. Short-, medium- and long-term climate-related risks and opportunities identified by the organization
Risk: No significant climate-related risks are recognized, such as the high-risk sectors defined by the TCFD, which would require significant business transformation or investment in the long run. However, as common climate-related risks in the manufacturing industry, continuous risk analysis of climate disasters, water shortage risks, carbon tax on the value chain, etc. related to manufacturing bases and procured products is necessary, and countermeasures will be considered.
Opportunity: Although business opportunities such as increase of specific diseases due to temperature rises are possible, items with great potential such as renewable energy and EV are not recognized at this time. However, it is expected that the number of drug-resistant bacteria that are ineffective against current antibiotics will increase due to the rise of average temperature, precipitation, and floods, therefore there are opportunities for new research and development that will increase.
4. Impact of climate-related risks and opportunities on business, strategies, and financial planning on an organization
There is also a study that the GHG emission intensity of the pharmaceutical sector (Scope 1 & 2) is about 55% higher than that of the automobile sector. Hence, an attention should be paid to the regulatory trends with the possibility that new regulations will be strengthened in the pharmaceutical industry in the future. On the other hand, build a manufacturing process that reduces environmental impact, and strengthening climate resilience throughout the supply chain have great potential as the opportunities that apply to the general manufacturing industry.
5. Resilience of organization strategies, taking into account considerations under various climate-related scenarios, including WB 2℃ scenarios
A scenario analysis was conducted based on 2℃ and 4℃ scenarios as climate change scenarios for domestic main product manufacturing and distribution bases. As a result, compared with the current assumption (3.96 billion yen/year), the amount of sales decrease under flood risk increased by 37% in the 2℃ scenario (5.41 billion yen/year), and in the 4℃ scenario, it is estimated to increase by about 60% (6.33 billion yen/year).
6. Process for identifying and assessing climate-related risks
The Chugai Group creates global and national risk maps that include climate change risk and uses them as a risk management tool. The Risk Management Committee, which is one of the advisory committees of the Management Council, identifies the risks that have a significant impact on management among the risks identified in the risk map as company-wide risks and selects the corresponding departments. For risk, an inherent risk score is calculated from the degree of impact (financial impact) and the probability of occurrence (frequency of occurrence). Measures that have already been taken, the existence of systems that can take measures, the views of experts, etc. will be scored. The priority will be determined by the residual risk subtracted from the inherent risk. Residual risk that has 3.67 or higher is judged to have a significant strategic impact, and countermeasures are considered with priority. The residual risk is classified into three levels, high (3.67 to 5.00), medium (2.34 to 3.66), and low (1.00 to 2.33), and is treated in the order of high, medium, and low.
7. Process for managing climate-related risks
Departments working on risk measures report to the Risk Management Committee every three months. The Risk Management Committee evaluates the content of the report and reports it to the Management Committee.
8. How the processes for identifying, assessing, and managing climate-related risks are integrated into an overall risk management of organization
Climate-related risks are included in 11 major risk categories when creating risk maps. Risk categories are 1. Natural disasters, 2. Political, economic, social, 3. Business structure, 4. Shareholders, investors, 5. Value chains, 6. Management, 7. Humans, 8. Environment and safety, 9. Other Compliance, 10. GxP; and 11. Other. Climate-related risks are mainly identified by the Risk categories of 1, 5 and 8. The process of identifying, assessing, and managing climate-related risks is integrated into the overall risk management of the organization.
9. Indicators used by an organization to assess climate-related risks and opportunities in the context of its strategy and risk management process.
The Chugai Group is promoting environmental conservation activities from a medium- to long-term perspective, and in 2020 set the “Mid-Term Environmental Goals 2030” that have a longer-term perspective and are more comprehensive based on analysis of the results of the previous mid-term environmental goals and change in society’s expectations and requirements. The “Mid-Term Environmental Goals 2030” establish ten items enabling the inclusion of responses to materiality from a medium- to long-term perspective including water risk and chemical substance management. Milestones have been set for 2025 ahead of 2030 for many of the items. Furthermore, the long-term goal with 2050 as the final year is to aim for zero CO2 emissions as a measure to address climate change requiring long-term and large-scale action.
Measures to Address Climate Change in Mid-Term Environmental Goals 2030
|Area||Item||KPI (Base year 2019)|
|Climate change countermeasures
(prevention of global warming)
|40% reduction by 2025
60-75% reduction by 2030
Zero emissions by 2050
|5% reduction by 2025*7
15% reduction by 2030*7
|Sustainable electricity ratio||100% by 2025|
|Fuel consumption by MR vehicles||35% reduction by 2025
75% reduction by 2030
|Halogenated hydrocarbons||25% reduction by 2025
100% reduction by 2030
(Base year 2020)
|Scope 3 CO2 emissions*8||30% reduction by 2030|
- *6 Scope 1: Direct emissions, Scope 2: Indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy
- *7 Per total floor area (Excluding leased properties)
- *8 Scope 3: Indirect emissions other than Scope 1 and Scope 2 (Target added in 2021)
Furthermore, as we work toward achieving our mid-term environmental goals, we have implemented an ongoing program of environmental and safety activities that involve setting yearly action goals or plans for each item based on the mid-term plan, evaluating the results, and reflecting those results in the following year’s plan.
See “Goals and Initiatives” for Details of Mid-Term Environmental Goals 2030 data.
10. Greenhouse gas emissions and related risks (Scope 1, 2, 3)
Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 emissions were 49,405 tons, 11,940 tons and 2,251,205 tons, respectively. Scope 1 emissions calculate direct emissions by the Company and include CO2 emissions associated with the use of gasoline, light oil, heavy oil, city gas, and LPG, and emissions of halogenated hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide gas, etc. Scope 2 emissions are emissions associated with the use of electricity and other energy supplied by other parties. In 2022, we promoted a switch to sustainable electricity provided by electric power companies at our plants and laboratories in Japan, which use a large amount of electricity, and have reduced Scope 2 emissions by 82% from the base year.
Scope 3 emissions were 2,251,205 tons, 2.3 times the base year. Scope 3 emissions are indirect emissions related to business activities other than Scope 1 and Scope 2. In 2021, Category 1 (products and services purchased) accounted for 74% of Scope 3, and increased 2.0 times from 833,110 tons in the base year to 1,670,420 tons, due to an increase in production caused by the development of new products. In addition, Category 2 (capital goods), which accounts for 23%, increased 7.4 times due to capital investment in Chugai Life Science Park Yokohama, which was completed in October 2022.
11. Indicators used by an organization to manage climate-related risks and opportunities, and performance against targets
Scope 1 + 2 energy consumption reduction targets*7 set in the Mid-Term Environmental Goals 2030 are a 5% reduction in 2025 and a 15% reduction in 2030, compared to 2019. Energy use in 2022 was 2,301 GJ, while energy consumption per total floor area was 5.3 GJ/m2, down 32% from the base year. This is because the Chugai Life Science Park Yokohama, which was completed in 2022, and the Kamakura Research Laboratories and Fuji Gotemba Research Laboratories, which are scheduled to close in 2023, are both in operation, resulting in a larger total floor area.
In addition, in 2022, fuel consumption by MR vehicles totaled 22,769 GJ, a 48% reduction from the base year versus targets of a 35% reduction in 2025 and a 75% reduction in 2030 compared to 2019.
Scenario Analysis Results for Climate Change Risks
As a result of scenario analysis, no significant climate-related risks were recognized in qualitative evaluation, such as the high-risk sectors defined by the TCFD, which would require significant business transformation or investment in the long run. However, as common climate-related risks in the manufacturing industry, it was found that continuous risk analysis of climate disasters, water shortage risks, carbon tax on the value chain, etc. related to manufacturing bases and procured products is essential. Furthermore, there is also research showing that the GHG emission intensity of the pharmaceutical sector (Scope 1 & 2) is not necessarily low, and we believe that it is necessary to assume that regulation of the industry as a whole will be strengthened.
In terms of quantitative evaluation, climate change analysis was performed based on 2℃ and 4℃ scenarios for domestic main product manufacturing and distribution bases. As a result, compared with the current assumption (3.96 billion yen/year), the amount of sales decrease under flood risk increased by 37% in the 2℃ scenario (5.41 billion yen/year), and in the 4℃ scenario, it is estimated to increase by about 60% (6.33 billion yen/year). Furthermore, in the case where Distribution Center (East Japan) *9, which deals with all products, is suspended for more than 1 month, a damage of 72.3 billion JPY is expected. Such probability is estimated at 0.01% at present, but it increases to 0.04% in the B1 scenario and 0.06% in the A2 scenario.
This analysis was conducted according to the following procedure.
- Calculation of the probability distribution of the inundation height of each site based on plan scale and inundation information according to the latitude and longitude of each site
- Calculation of the expected value of sales decrease as “current risk of flood damage” based on the number of days of business stoppage and frequency of occurrence of each inundation height
- Revision of distribution, taking into account information on large-scale rainfall fluctuations caused by climate change
- Estimation of expected value of sales decrease in each scenario as “flood risk after climate change”
- *9 Relocated to new distribution center with measures against flooding based on the disaster map in January 2021.
Results of Evaluation of Climate Change Risk of Each Site
The risk items used in TCFD scenario analysis are consistent with the items subject to BCP measures, resulting in a decrease in the anticipated impact in terms of the financial impact in climate change risk analysis due to these initiatives. Specifically, in addition to taking steps to address an inundation height of 5m when constructing the third facility at the Ukima site (UK3) as a means of addressing earthquakes and flooding, measures to address flooding have been implemented based on the disaster map at the new distribution center relocated in January 2021.
We will continue to address climate change risks and opportunities through the results of the analysis and engage in further improvement of disclosure.